M1 Abrams, Leopard 2, Challenger 2: These are the tanks Ukraine will get from the U.S. and Europe & More Trending News

 

Washington — President Biden introduced Wednesday that the U.S. will ship 31 top-of-the-line M-1 Abrams battle tanks to Ukraine, delivering on a key request from Kyiv that will present a serious increase to Ukrainian firepower over the coming months.

“Today, I’m announcing that the United States will be sending 31 Abrams tanks to Ukraine, the equivalent of one Ukrainian battalion,” Mr. Biden mentioned at the White House, flanked by Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin. The safety bundle is value roughly $400 million, the Pentagon mentioned.

The transfer comes after Germany mentioned it will rapidly present 14 of its personal Leopard 2 tanks to Ukraine and enable Western companions to re-export their very own, a transfer that Mr. Biden praised. France, the U.Ok., Finland, the Netherlands and different nations are additionally sending key safety help, Mr. Biden famous, emphasizing that the United States’ transfer is a part of a concerted effort by Western allies. 

According to a latest evaluation by International Institute for Strategic Studies, round 100 tanks can be required to have any vital impact on the preventing. A rising coalition of donating nations would make that concentrate on achievable: “The more that countries donate tanks, the easier it will be to share the burden of giving them away,”  the European Council of Foreign relations acknowledged.     

Here’s what allies are sending.

Leopard 2

As Germany’s essential battle tank, the third-generation Leopard 2 is one in all the most generally commissioned tanks throughout the world, utilized in greater than a dozen different European nations and deployed to battle zones like Kosovo, Bosnia, Afghanistan and Syria. First developed in 1979, the state-manufactured automobile reaches speeds of 42 mph and is supplied with a 120mm clean bore gun as its essential armament, in addition to two coaxial gentle machine weapons. Touted as having optimum maneuverability by its producer Krauss-Maffei Wegmann, it additionally gives all-around safety from improvised explosive units, mines or anti-tank hearth.

“These are the Mercedes BMW supertanks of the world,” Hamish de Bretton-Gordon, the former commanding officer of the British Military CBRN Regiment, advised CBS News. “I would want at least 10 or 15 T-72 survivors up against one of them,” he mentioned, referring to the Soviet/Russian fashions.

Russia Ukraine War
A Leopard 2 tank is pictured throughout an illustration occasion held for the media by the German Bundeswehr in Munster close to Hannover, Germany, September 28, 2011.

Michael Sohn/AP


Aside from the Leopard 2’s widespread availability, which extends to neighboring Poland, the tank’s minimal coaching necessities might be of additional attraction to Ukraine.

“These tanks are that the tank was designed for conscripts to be very easy to use,” de Bretton-Gordon mentioned, likening the tank’s controls to a 90s PlayStation online game console, “You’ve got a sort of controller in your hand, basically got three buttons — just need to press them in the right order, point the gun on your target and the tank does everything else.”

So far, Germany’s Chancellor Olaf Scholz has authorised a deployment of 14 Leopard 2 tanks and associated ammunition from its nationwide shares, in addition to the crucial coaching to function them on the battlefield. 

M1 Abrams

Known for its stabilized gun and accuracy, the U.S.’ essential battle tank, the M1 Abrams, additionally boasts an array of crew safety capabilities designed to defend in opposition to chemical, organic and nuclear assaults. The third-generation tank, which has been exported to armies together with Egypt, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Australia and Iraq, carries a 120 mm gun and lighter-weight turbine engine. Entering service in 1980, the tank “continues to meet the new and emerging threats associated with the next generation of warfare,” in accordance with its producer General Dynamics Land Systems.

FILE PHOTO: NATO enhanced Forward Presence battle group military exercise Crystal Arrow 2021 in Adazi
A U.S. Army M-1 Abrams tank fires throughout a NATO train in Latvia on March 26, 2021.

INTS KALNINS / REUTERS


Last week, U.S. officers mentioned the tank’s complexity might pose an issue in Ukraine, with Undersecretary of Defence Colin Kahl telling reporters “It’s expensive. It’s hard to train on … It is not the easiest system to maintain.”

However, de Bretton-Gordon mentioned the Abrams is analogous in ease of use and effectivity to its Western counterparts, with a marginal improve in required gas. Lots of individuals speak about the Abrams being an enormous tank, he mentioned, “But it’s marginally bigger than the Leopard and it’s about the same size as the Challenger 2.”

Challenger 2

In service with the U.Ok. and Oman’s armies, the British Challenger 2 is a third-generation tank designed and constructed by BAE Systems, formally coming into service in 1994 and deploying to navy operations together with Eastern Europe and Iraq, in addition to NATO’s Enhanced Forward Presence in the Baltic States. Reaching high speeds of 37 mph and outfitted with a 55-caliber lengthy tank gun, a sequence gun and a machine gun, its major function is “to destroy or neutralise armour,” in accordance with its producer.

Merkel Visits VJTF Bundeswehr Armoured Brigade
MUNSTER, GERMANY – MAY 20: An Leopard Tank of the Bundeswehr Panzerlehrbrigade 9 (ninth Armoured Demonstration Brigade) throughout a presentation of capabilities by the unit on May 20, 2019 in Munster, Germany. 

Morris MacMatzen / Getty Images


The UK’s personal Ministry of Defence has described the tanks as “unrivalled in their ability to place extreme pressure on the enemy,” claiming they’ve repelled fast and totally dedicated advances. An even earlier model, the Challenger 1, is believed to maintain the document for longest-range tank-to-tank kill in historical past, with the automobile destroying an Iraqi tank at a variety of three miles throughout the first Gulf War.

Earlier this month, the U.Ok. grew to become the first Western nation to conform to ship its tanks to Ukraine, with Downing Street asserting the cargo of 14 Challenger 2s alongside different navy tools after a gathering between Prime Minister Rishi Sunak and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy.  

M1 Abrams, Leopard 2, Challenger 2: These are the tanks Ukraine will get from the U.S. and Europe

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M1 Abrams, Leopard 2, Challenger 2: These are the tanks Ukraine will get from the U.S. and Europe

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