UN Biodiversity Conference starts in Montreal – turning point needed to halt nature loss & More Trending News

 

The fifteenth Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity can be held in Montreal, Canada on 7–19 December 2022. “The Conference in Montreal must mark a turning point in terms of halting the loss of biodiversity by 2030, somewhat in the same way as the Paris Climate Change Conference did for preventing climate crisis,” says Minister of the Environment and Climate Change Maria Ohisalo, who leads Finland’s delegation. Minister Ohisalo will attend the Conference on 15–19 December.

The 196 events to the Convention are negotiating new biodiversity targets to halt nature loss. The goal is that by 2030 the loss of biodiversity has stopped and the state of nature is enhancing. The negotiations goal for the adoption of 4 essential targets to be reached by 2050. The work in the direction of the targets is supported by 22 action-oriented targets which might be to be reached by 2030.

The essential subjects of the Conference are

  • defending biodiversity and enhancing the state of species and habitats in terrestrial, inland water and marine areas,
  • selling the sustainable use of nature,
  • honest and equitable sharing of advantages arising from the utilisation of genetic sources,
  • dashing up actions below the Convention, together with funds and even stronger mainstreaming of biodiversity into all sectors of policy-making and society.

“Biodiversity is declining more rapidly than ever before. Biodiversity loss and the collapse of ecosystems are among the greatest challenges threatening humanity and the foundations of our economy. Action is needed internationally, but obviously it is most important to take action in Finland to protect our own nature,” Minister Ohisalo says.

“Nature has a major role in finding solutions to the climate crisis as well. Forests, mires, soil and oceans serve as carbon sinks. Diverse nature also mitigates the impacts of climate change, including floods, erosion and extreme weather conditions,” the Minister says.

Finland will take part in the negotiations in Montreal as a part of the European Union. The EU goals for concrete and quantitative targets and a powerful monitoring programme to measure and monitor the progress of measures.

Increasing protected areas alone will not be sufficient

The Conference is anticipated to resolve on international targets in regards to the conservation of land, water and marine areas and restoration of degraded terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. The EU helps the 30 per cent goal for protected areas and the goal of three billion hectares for restoration. To increase the safety, choices are additionally needed on the prevention of invasive alien species, on commerce in wild animals and on lowering the quantity of pollution that pose a risk to biodiversity, resembling pesticides and waste.

Only a small proportion of our planet is protected, which is why its sustainable use is the important thing concern in phrases of biodiversity. The subjects to be negotiated embody the requirement regarding sustainable use in agriculture, forestry and fisheries and different manufacturing sectors.

“Halting biodiversity loss requires measures that promote the mainstreaming of biodiversity into all sectors of society and into all planning and policies. Finances will be a critical question in terms of the implementation,” says Marina von Weissenberg, Senior Ministerial Adviser on the Ministry of the Environment and Finland’s Chief Negotiator.

The Conference ought to velocity up the implementation of the actions below the Convention. The stage of ambition and end result of the negotiations are strongly linked to the selections on funds. The negotiations in Montreal will give attention to eliminating and redirecting monetary help that’s dangerous for biodiversity and on financing of biodiversity measures, together with the institution of funds.

The Conference can be attended by about 10,000 representatives of states, the scientific neighborhood, companies, financers, NGOs and indigenous peoples. It can be chaired by the People’s Republic of China. The fifteenth Conference of the Parties has been postponed by two years due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The first a part of the COP15 conferences occurred just about in October 2021.

Besides the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, conferences can be held in Montreal on two protocols concluded below the Convention: the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization.

You can observe the Conference and the work of Finland’s delegation on Twitter with the hashtag #LuontoCOP15.

HT

Source: Ministry of the Environment

UN Biodiversity Conference starts in Montreal – turning point needed to halt nature loss

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UN Biodiversity Conference starts in Montreal – turning point needed to halt nature loss

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